1. Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, Africa
The Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS) is the advanced surgical methodology that involves smaller incisions rather than one long incision in the skin, while the surgeon is guided by sophisticated imaging technology that projects the anatomical images on the television screen during the surgery. The theory is that smaller incisions and percutaneous approach will create less tissue damage, less blood loss, shorter hospital stays and faster recovery.
The Micro-Endoscopy performed to treat slipped disc, spinal stenosis and Balloon Kyphoplasty performed to treat compressed vertebral fractures are the best examples of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery system. These kinds of surgeries have high degree of precision and therefore higher success rates compared to traditional open spine surgeries. One of the major benefits of this technology is that it makes surgeries safe in older age groups giving them hope to regain better quality of life. The Spine Clinic For Minimal invasive spine surgery in Ahmedabad, Minimal invasive spine surgery in Gujarat, Minimal invasive spine surgery in India, Minimal invasive spine surgery in Africa.
Microdiscectomy for Slipped Disc
Microdiscectomy, also known as Microdecompression spine surgery, is typically recommended to the patients who are suffering from sciatica leg pain (radicular pain) or paresthesia (pins and needle sensation) due to herniated lumbar disc. Normally, conservative treatment can relieve such leg pain in six to twelve weeks time. The surgery may not be required if the pain is tolerable and the patient can function well. However, a Micro Discectomy surgery becomes a viable option when the patient does not get any relief in pain with non-surgical treatments.
Spine surgery or back surgery may become immediately necessary in case of severe leg pain and alarming conditions of bowel/urinary incontinence or progressive neurological deficits.
The Micro Discectomy is performed through a small (1 inch to 1 1 inch) incision in the mid line of the lower back. In this kind of surgery, a small portion of the bone over the nerve root and/or disc material from under the nerve root is removed to relieve neural impingement and provide more room for the nerve to heal. While it may take weeks or months for the nerve root to heal fully, patients normally feel relief from leg pain almost immediately after a Microdiscectomy spine surgery.
A Microdiscectomy spine surgery has a success rate of around 90% to 95%. There are rare chances of any surgical/post-surgical complications and recurrent disc herniation in future.
Microdiscectomy is generally considered and recommended for patients:
- Who have suffered from severe sciatica leg pain/paresthesia for more than six weeks
- Who have not benefitted from non-surgical treatments like oral medications, steroids injection, physical therapy etc.
2. Balloon Kyphoplasty for Vertebral Wedging (fractures)
The bones of the spine (vertebrae) are likely to suffer from osteoporosis (lack of calcium inside the bones) due to many factors like aging and vitamin D deficiency. This sometimes results in a 'compression fracture' of the body vertebra even without overt trauma or fall.. In such cases the vertebral body loses its height and becomes unable to support body weight. This results in one or a combination of symptoms like constant and sometimes unbearable back pain, limitations in ability to do everyday activities and poor quality of life like extended bed rest.
Fracture in any part of body heals with new bone formation. Due to age and osteoporosis, the process of new bone formation becomes weak. This does not allow proper healing of vertebral fracture and it becomes a constant source of pain. No matter whatever amount of calcium and rest we give, at times this fracture ends up in to non healing vertebral wedging (osteonecrosis).
With advances in spine sciences, the patients with compressed fracture of vertebra can now be treated with per-cutaneous surgical procedures. Balloon Kyphoplasty is one such curative method which is effective and safe in treating painful vertebral compression fractures.
Balloon Kyphoplasty method is similar to balloon angioplasty where a balloon opens out blocked arteries of the heart. Here first we insert a needle and then a balloon into the fractured and compressed vertebra. The balloon is inflated till the compressed, wedge shaped vertebral body changes to normal cylindrical shape. The balloon is then removed and the vacant space in the vertebra is filled with bone cement. Thus the vertebra becomes normal in shape and the patient gets permanent relief from pain caused by fractured vertebra.
Kyphoplasty is a likely treatment option for patients experiencing painful symptoms or spinal deformities due to osteoporotic compression fractures. It is done under local anesthesia and conscious sedation, and is a short and safe procedure. It is beneficial to old age patients, cancer patients with involvement of spine (multiple myeloma) and young people with traumatic fracture of vertebrae.
Compared to non-surgical care, Kyphoplasty is known to have better outcomes on the patients in terms of reduction in pain, improvement in quality of life, function and mobility.